Opperman, J. J., K. Lohse, C. Brooks, N. M. Kelly and A. M. Merenlender. 2005. Influence of watershed‐scale land use on salmonid spawning habitat in a Mediterranean‐climate basin, California. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 62: 2740‐2751
Relationships between land use or land cover and embeddedness, a measure of fine sediment in spawning gravels, were examined at multiple scales across 54 streams in the Russian River Basin, California. The results suggest that coarse-scale measures of watershed land use can explain a large proportion of the variability in embeddedness and that the explanatory power of this relationship increases with watershed size. Pdf download.