Kearns, F. R., N. M. Kelly, J. L. Carter, and V. Resh. 2005. A method for the use of landscape metrics in freshwater research and management. Landscape Ecology 20(1): 113-125
We quantified landscape composition and configuration for subwatershed areas upstream of individual sampling sites, reducing the number of metrics based on: (1) sensitivity to changes in extent and (2) redundancy, as determined by a multivariate factor analysis.
Keywords: California . Freshwater . Pattern metrics . San Jose . Spatial configuration . Urban ecology . Water quality